Brazil is the largest South American nation, and it is governed by the Federal Constitution. The constitution came into force 29 years ago, and it was amended once in 2014. The constitution largely borrows from the Portuguese, Brazilian Lawyer colonial masters.
Being the supreme law of the land, the Federal Constitution shares power into three arms of government- the Executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. The executive is headed by a constitutionally-elected President of the Republic, who triples up as the head of government and head of state. The president has the power to appoint the Ministers of State. For the judiciary, on the other hand, its pinnacle is the Federal Supreme Court, with the Superior Court and the Regional Federal Courts, following in that order. The judiciary is the arm mandated with interpreting and safeguarding the constitution. The legislature is the division given the power to pass laws. The National Congress is the main legislative house, and then there are two other houses- the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Lawyers in Brazil
Lawyers play a fundamental role in any legal system across the world. In Brazil, lawyers are highly regarded and are paid quite handsomely for their services. Statistics collected in 2007 showed that the lowest paid lawyer in the country took home not less than R$ 36,000 while the highest took home R $3 million. The same statistics revealed that law schools in the country were more than 1000, most of them being concentrated in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. The lawyers were at that time estimated at 620,000, and a further 200,000 were still pursuing law cases. A decade later, these figures could have probably gone up.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is among the top attorneys in Brazil. He is the senior litigant at Tosto and Barros Advogados Associados, arguably the biggest law firm in Brazil. Throughout his career, Tosto has been handling some of the most complex cases in the country. Tosto has particularly been representing politicians and other high net-worth individuals.
Tosto graduated with Law from the well-regarded Mackenzie Presbyterian University. He also has a BA from AAPF, popularly called Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation. At his law firm, Tosto specializes in training interns and the junior staff. Quite a sizeable number of lawyers in the country passed through Tosto’s hands.